Bamboo research in the Philippines - Cristina A. Introduction The Philippines has a total land area of km 2. It is composed of more than islands clustered into three major groups namely: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao.
It is rich in natural resources but some of it is endangered due to illegal logging, mining and other land utilization as well as over exploitation problems. The natural vegetation is highly diverse with some species of flowering plants and species of ferns.
It has The remaining forests comprise million ha or Out of the total forests, only about 0. Pine forests cover 0. Bamboo resources and species There has not been any reliable inventory of available erect bamboos nationwide except that of an FRI-RP-German Project conducted in Result of the said inventory estimated the bamboo resources at about 10 million linear metres, most of which are represented by climbing bamboos totalling linear metres.
In the said inventory, only five species were covered. Of the five species covered, Schizostachyum lima and Schizostachyum lumampao which are naturally growing in the forests were the most plentiful, the former with At present, there are 62 species of bamboos recorded in the country. Previous records showed only 47 bamboo species. The increase in the number of species was due to the introduction of some bamboos as a result of the efforts of the Ecosystems Research and Development Bureau ERDB to establish bambuseta in a number of places in the country, ie.
There may have been other new introductions of bamboos in the country, but these have not been reported, seen or identified. Most likely, these are bamboos introduced and planted by garden enthusiasts and are kept as private collections. Of the 62 bamboo species which are shown in Table 1, 21 are endemic or native Philippine bamboos. Thirteen are climbers and eight are erect.Download the perfectly formatted MS Word file! The earliest known extant….
Specifically it will discuss the public's opinion on green products, and how this affects the fashion industry. The fashion industry depends on…. Fishing Rod Design and Manufacture of a High-End Bamboo Fishing Rod The art of angling has in many ways remained unchanged for a century or more, and though the development….
All Rights Reserved. Bamboo Industry In India, bamboo is considered "the poor man's timber. Currently, in some way or another in, the International Network for Bamboo and Rattan reports, approximately 1.
In light of the significances of the bamboo industry, this thesis relates relevant research regarding the bamboo industry and asserts that a number of bamboo products, particularly those processed and manufactured for use in constructing houses and household items, primarily qualify as being eco-friendly.
From the literature reviewed for this study, the researcher completes a PEST Analysis, as well as a SWOT analysis to investigate factors contributing to the bamboo industry. Ultimately, the researcher finds that the literature concurs that bamboo products used in construction, despite a number of inherent concerns, may be considered eco-friendly. In India, bamboo is considered "the poor man's timber. In the book, World bamboo resources: a thematic study prepared in the framework of the Global Forest Resources Assessment, Maxim Lobovikov asserts: "Bamboo may replace wood in many industrial applications and thereby contribute to the saving and restoration of the world's forest p.
In light of the significances of the bamboo industry, this thesis relates relevant research regarding the bamboo industry and asserts that bamboo products processed and manufactured for use in constructing houses and household items primarily qualify as being eco-friendly. Due the distinct perception of bamboo being a renewable and eco-friendly resource material, it depicts one of the increasingly prevalent, natural resources individuals choose to substitute to produce various products.
Consumer product demands currently lean toward the organic movement. Ann Whitman, the National Gardening Association, and Suzanne DeJohn explain in Organic Gardening for Dummies - for dummies, that the organic movement advocates natural farming methods, while it eschews "the 'chemical' way of doing things, believing that it disrupts the natural ecological order, creating an escalating cycle of dependency on stronger and newer chemicals p.
The organic and "Going Green" movements, along with others, define the fuel driving the purchasing power of the consumers; for what they currently perceive as being eco-good. Consequently, marking a product as it eco-friendly qualifies it as the hot item to have or buy. This particular new trend of marketing products as eco-friendly qualifies constitutes such a strong market force that producers are switching gears and restructuring their companies to help ensure they will not fall off short from their upcoming competitors.
In the contemporary eco-friendly growing, global environment, many individuals express concern regarding the extent of damage that humans inflict on natural resources and how to counter those negative practices. Methodology During the first of half of the paper, the researcher focuses on the social, economic, political, and environmental aspects of the industry.
Through the examination of the literature, the researcher examines the manufacturing and distribution of one of the particular goods being produced from bamboo to identify and determine if it really is eco-friendly. BAMBOO General Scope and Definition Confirming generalizations regarding specific attributes of the species of bamboos proves difficult, as does the services to biodiversity that bamboo provide and their description within ecosystems.
Some bamboos differ in their relationship with their surrounding environment and grow as only one of a myriad of species in an ecosystem. Most of the species of bamboo, the world's largest plant in the grass family, may be found in Asia. In the book, Riches of the forest: food, spices, crafts and resins of Asia, Citlalli Lopez Binnquist, Citlalli Lopez, and Patricia Shanley note that along with regularly serving as a theme in songs, poems, and paintings, bamboo "with its strength and flexibility, has infinite uses and aesthetically has long been a source of inspiration in Asian literature and the arts" p.
One Chinese poem asserts that bamboo is vital: "It is quite possible not to eat meat, but not to be without bamboo" Ibid. Figure 1 depicts a bicycle frame made from bamboo. Bamboo bicycle frames date back to Figure 1: Bamboo Bicycle Frame Stickman In numerous countries, particularly in the east, particularly products made from bamboo are a natural part of everyday life, from the cradle to the grave Binnquist, Lopez, and Shanley.
In the Web article, "Bamboo: The Miracle Crop From the Past and a Hope for the Future," the writer, Stickman, points out that in addition to bicycle frames, skateboards may also be manufactured from bamboo. Current skateboard construction involves gluing layers of resilient hardwood with toxic epoxies for strength.Bamboo is a renewable eco-crop with multiple uses in textiles, homeware and hardwares.
But is bamboo sustainable and is it good for the environment? I recently switched my plastic toothbrush for one made from bamboo. Clothing, utensils, toilet paper? Should I choose bamboo instead of cotton, metal and hardwood, as I do for an alternative to plastic? Bamboo seems to be paving the way as an eco friendly material, but is bamboo sustainable in all its forms?
Is bamboo eco friendly? Or have I been tricked into the latest greenwashing trend? Bamboo is a fast growing and a naturally renewable tree-like grass. There are over 1, different species of bamboo in existence and most are highly adaptable, particularly in high humidity regions.
Certain varieties can also grow in colder climates like the UK and Northern America. In sustainability circles, bamboo is often thought of as a raw ingredient for clothing and homewares. But bamboo is also a common food source in some parts of the world. Humans have been eating bamboo shoots for thousands of years.
Often seen in Asian dishes, bamboo shoots are low in fat and calories and provide a good source of fiber and potassium. Bamboo is commonly used as scaffolding, upright props, and even to build huts and houses. This is because bamboo is super strong; even stronger than steel! Seems crazy, right? From all this it seems like bamboo might be a super plant … but is it as good for the environment as we might think? One of the biggest environmental benefits of bamboo is its ability to absorb carbon dioxide and produce oxygen.
Bamboo also grows insanely fast, sometimes at a rate of 3 feet 90cm per day, depending on variety. To grow to full maturity only takes 1 to 5 years, again depending on variety. This is considerably faster than the fastest growing trees. While the bamboo plant only has shallow rootsthey develop to create a fibrous network underground which helps to hold the soil together.
By not disturbing the roots and soil between harvests, the soil and the micro-environment beneath the surface continue to develop and improve.
Soil improvement helps with water absorption, as well as aiding in the prevention of soil erosion. Many areas where bamboo is grown are subject to heavy rain and monsoons during the wet season, and improved soil and healthy roots helps to minimise landslides.
This biggest problem with bamboo is the way that it is typically farmed. Due to increasing popularity, large areas of land are being cleared to be planted with bamboo. This can lead to the displacement of wildlife and a decrease in the biodiversity of existing ecosystems. This means only bamboo is planted and all other varieties are removed. Monocultures create problems for fungi, bacteria, insects and other smaller animals who rely on a diverse ecosystem for nutrition and habitat.
This situation applies to any monoculture, not just bamboo. Similar concerns are raised over fields of avocado trees in South America, forests of eucalyptus trees in Portugal and plains of corn and soya in North America.
Currently, the only commercial scale production of bamboo takes place in China. This means the majority of bamboo products in the UK and the US have been shipped from across the globe. Also, China has very few agricultural or environmental standards in place.While these end-use industries continue to lead the pack in the bamboos market, sales opportunities are being observed via the textile and agricultural industries.
China and Brazil are spearheading the regional markets respectively, with the former representing the most lucrative opportunities. As the conventional energy sources are on the verge of depletion, it becomes quintessential for industrial operators to turn to renewable alternatives. Bamboos produce 3x oxygen compared to other trees and its biomass is highly efficient and relatively inexpensive. As such, the power sector is welcoming bamboos as an energy source for power generation.
This preferential shift is emerging as a safe bet for bamboo producers in the near future. A key factor for our unrivaled market research accuracy is our expert- and data-driven research methodologies. We combine an eclectic mix of experience, analytics, machine learning, and data science to develop research methodologies that result in a multi-dimensional, yet realistic analysis of a market.Easy advertising tools for business
Apart from that, the high-strength quotient of bamboos compared to traditional materials such as concrete, and steel is boosting their prominence as green building material. The global bamboos market is estimated to grow at a significant rate owing to high growth in construction, pulp and paper, and furniture industries. However, governmental laws and regulations, along with the policies on ownership of resources and security, and lack of institutional mechanisms have made it difficult to unlock abundant sources of bamboos.Speech communication laboratory job description resume
Yes, a key challenge with regard to the processing of bamboo is the cost of transportation. Transportation costs are relatively high because culms are hollow inside. For economic reasons, it is important to do at least the primary processing as close as possible to the bamboo plantation. The bamboos market shows a competitive structure, with the presence of large number of regional and local market players. Small- and medium-scale enterprises such as Moso International B.
Home Reports Bamboos Market. Request Sample. Buy Report. Download a Comprehensive Report Snapshot. Greater Focus on Sustainable Power Generation As the conventional energy sources are on the verge of depletion, it becomes quintessential for industrial operators to turn to renewable alternatives. Market Research Methodology - Perfected through Years of Diligence A key factor for our unrivaled market research accuracy is our expert- and data-driven research methodologies.Personal narrative essay writing
Know Report Methodology. Download Competitive Benchmarking Analysis. Will transportation costs affect the future trajectory of the bamboos market? Which application area holds potential growth opportunities for market players?Each node has a number of outgoing branches except those at the bottom (the "leaves") that have none.
Each branch represents a possible value for the input field where it originates. A leaf represents the value of the objective field given all the values for each input field in the chain of branches that goes from the root to that leaf. When you create a new model, BigML. You can also list all of your models.
Truth or Trend: Is Bamboo Sustainable?
This can be used to change the names of the fields in the model with respect to the original names in the dataset or to tell BigML that certain fields should be preferred. All the fields in the dataset Specifies the fields to be included as predictors in the model. The presence of an asterisk means "or missing". This means "x is missing" and "x is not missing" respectively. Example: true name optional String,default is dataset's name The name you want to give to the new model.
Even if this an array BigML.Women composers essay
Specifies the type of ordering followed to build the model. There are three different types that you can specify: 0 Deterministic 1 Linear 2 Random For more information, see the Section on Shuffling your dataset below.
To get the final number of candidate fields we round down to the nearest integer, but if the result is 0 we'll use 1 instead. Sets the number of random fields considered when randomize is true. Example: 10 randomize optional Boolean,default is false Setting this parameter to true will consider only a subset of the possible fields when choosing a split.
See the Section on Random Decision Forests below. The range of successive instances to build the model. See the Section on Sampling below. So, if it is 3, then a both children of a new split must have 3 instances supporting them. Since instances may have non-integer weights, non-integer values are valid. Example: 16 tags optional Array of Strings A list of strings that help classify and index your model.
By default, rows from the input dataset are deterministically shuffled before being processed, to avoid inaccurate models caused by ordered fields in the input rows. Since the shuffling is deterministic, i. However, you can modify this default behaviour by including the ordering argument in the model creation request, where "ordering" here is a shortcut for "ordering for the traversal of input rows".
The row range is specified with the range argument defined in the Section on Arguments above. To specify a sample, which is taken over the row range or over the whole dataset if a range is not provided, you can add the following arguments to the creation request: Finally, note that the "ordering" of the dataset described in the previous subsection is used on the result of the sampling.
The default is false.
When randomized, the model considers only a subset of the possible fields when choosing a split. The size of the subset will be the square root of the total number of input fields.
So if there are 100 input fields, each split will only consider 10 fields randomly chosen from the 100. Every split will choose a new subset of fields. Although randomize could be used for other purposes, it's intended for growing random decision forests.The duo finished first in 2013, second in 2014, second in 2015 and first in 2016. Their seven-shot margin of victory in 2013 is the largest in tournament history.
Simply put, these are the guys to beat. The QBE Shootout features a scramble format for the first round on Friday, a modified alternate shot format on Saturday and a final-round better ball on Sunday. Unlike the majority of PGA Tour tournaments, the QBE Shootout is only three days. Tiger Woods Props: How Will He Perform At the Hero World Challenge.
Formely known as the Hennesy Gold Cup, this 3m 2f Chase is one of the highlights of the season and we graced by a brilliant performance by Native River twelve months ago. Read on for our free betting tips, predictions and analysis. Free TipsOur tip will be online shortly. Preview AnalysisThere will be no hiding places with any number of these only knowing one way of running, from the front.
Coneygree, American and Genie In Abottle all hold excellent chances on the formbook, but with others in here who go from the front, this could end up a carve up falling into the lap of something from the back. Total Recall looked like a horse miles ahead of his mark when winning on his debut for Willie Mullins, he will get a perfect tow into the race but is plenty short enough given how competitive a handicap this is.
A token choice goes to POTTERS LEGEND who has shaped on a number of occasions as if he is better than his current mark.Research proposal case study research design
He can be smuggled round off the strong pace, with first time blinkers an interesting change from cheekpieces. Struck into himself on his seasonal return so that is easily excused, he is the class act in the race. This contest can be won with topweight, he looks a big price with conditions to suit. Made a pleasing return to action at Kempton over a trip too short.
Rated as high as 167 over hurdles in his pomp, there is still some room from this 157 level here. The ground might not be quite as deep as he would like here and he is surrounded by other front runners. Should have the class from this sort of mark, but the race may not be run to suit.
This clearly will have been the long term plan for his this season but a career high mark is going to take plenty of defying.Thomas, Spieth and Johnsonin that orderare given the shortest odds by Oddschecker. There will be many golf fansand Woods devoteeswho will bet in hope more than expectation.
When Does Tiger Woods Return at Hero World Challenge. Trump Golfing Again on Work Trip to Palm Beach googletag.
Ohio State is a 6-point favorite against the undefeated Badgers, according to MyBookie. Ohio State, which is 10-2, is a 6-point favorite against 12-0 Wisconsin, according to MyBookie. The game is at Lucas Oil Stadium in Indianapolis, Ind. The Land of 10 Ohio State beat writers are split as to whether the Buckeyes will cover the point spread, but both have the Buckeyes prevailing.
That ought to tell you what many people think will happen in the Big Ten Championship Game. Sometimes, you just know it when you see it. The Badgers are on the cusp of the College Football Playoff for the first time and are good enough to win a national title. They can make program history with a victory Saturday.
At 12-0, Wisconsin is the only Power 5 team still undefeated. If the Badgers beat Ohio State, they would be a lock for the College Football Playoff. Ohio State comes into the game at 10-2. Freshman RB Jonathan Taylor is a Doak Walker Award finalist and a candidate to be invited to the Heisman ceremony. Taylor has 1,841 rushing yards and 13 touchdowns this season to lead the Badgers.
At quarterback, Alex Hornibrook is 156-for-244 passing for 2,157 yards, 21 touchdowns and 13 interceptions. Four receivers have at least 300 yards. TE Troy Fumagalli is the most trusted target with 38 catches, 471 yards and 4 touchdowns.
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