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Statement of Educational Goals and Philosophy I can still remember coming home from school after an exciting day in the first grade. But of course, not every child who pretends to be a teacher in his or her early years actually becomes a teacher. But the summer. However it is imperative for educators and future educators to know their personal educational philosophies so that they can be accountable, explain how they teach, what they are doing and why. My personal Educational philosophy is made up of four components; metaphysics, epistemology, axiology, and logic.

My educational Philosophy Metaphysics reality is a combination of realism and idealism, that the mind, spirit, and body are connected. Connections across disciplines, real life and connections that are skill-based or knowledge-based. Using theme-based units makes some educators go past classifying content and design cooperatively for an educational unit. Frequently three or more subjects are included in the study, and the unit will end with a mixed closing activity. Educators have seen several benefits, such as students showing excellent on-task behavior, students working cooperatively.

It also considers the relationship of education to major ideologies such as Liberalism, Conservativism, and Marxism. It analyzes the impact of philosophy and ideology on educational theory and practice by examining such theories as Essentialism, Perennialism, Progressivism, and Social Reconstructionism.

Although concentrating on the philosophy of education, it introduces educational ideas. First, it examines the. Philosophy of Education Essay Introduction What is the meaning of life? How does it affect the way I think? A reader might ask themselves this question at least once, if not multiple times, over the course of their life.

This question is the beginning of exploration into philosophy. A reader might believe there is a God or that aliens exist and this too is a form of a philosophy. First a person must understand philosophy, then looking specifically into two forms such as Realism and Idealism, and. One of these terms that carry an exorbitant amount of attention is the term known as curriculum.

What exactly is curriculum and why does this particular element of the educational system receive such grand attention? The first stages of understanding the wide scope of importance of curriculum would first be to attain an adequate definition of the term.Philosophy of Education is a set of related beliefs that influence what and how students are taught.

Idealists believe that perfect knowledge of the ideal resided outside humans as an Absolute or as God. They believe that the spiritual essence or soul is the permanent element of human nature that gives them the power to think and feel.

Idealism envisions schools that are intellectual centers of Philosophical teaching and learning, where teachers guide the students to realize their intellectual potential and appreciate the finest and Roots of education enduring achievements of culture.

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Realism advocates that reality is outside of our minds. They are not internal to our minds as idealists claim. Realists believe that the objects we perceive exist independently of the mind, that whether or not we perceive these objects, they really exist in the world. For the realists, the purpose of education is to teach students about the world in which they live.

That the most accurate and efficient way of learning is through the curriculum of organized Philosophical and classified subject — matter discipline. Pragmatism evaluates the truth and meaning of ideas according to their physical consequences and practical value. It emphasizes the need to test the validity of these ideas by acting on them. The best way to validate ideas empirically is by using the scientific method. For pragmatists, if something works, it is true.

John Dewey, a pragmatist, related education as preparation for life. He believed that the function of education was to enhance human potential to be able to adapt to a constantly changing Philosophical world. Students should be trained to construct knowledge as they interact in the world. Pragmatists believe that the students should.

Roots of education be encouraged to do research and apply them to the solution of a problem. Believe that teachers Believe that the schools are should be equipped with the repositories of eternal. Learn more about Scribd Membership Home. Read free for days Sign In.

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philosophy of education idealism realism pragmatism design plan

Start Free Trial Cancel anytime. Uploaded by Dianne Abrasaldo. Document Information click to expand document information Description: philosophy. Date uploaded Sep 12, Did you find this document useful? Is this content inappropriate? Report this Document. Description: philosophy. Flag for Inappropriate Content.Idealism and the Aims of Education.

Idealism is the metaphysical and epistemological doctrine that ideas or thoughts make up fundamental reality. Essentially it is any philosophy which argues that the only thing actually knowable is consciousness whereas we never can be sure that matter or anything in the outside world really exists thus the only the real things are mental entities not physical things which exist only in the sense that they are perceived.

A broad definition of idealism could include many religious viewpoints although an idealistic viewpoint need not necessarily include God, supernatural beings or existences after death. Idealism in education:. Idealism pervades all the creation and it is an underlying, unlimited and ultimate force which regions supreme overall mind and matter.

They all advocate its great importance in education and lay more emphasis on aims and principles of education than on models, aids and devices. Idealism and Aims of Education :. The following are the aims of education according to the philosophy of idealism:. Self-realization or Exhalation of Personality:. According to the idealism man is the most creation of God. To Ensure Spiritual Development:. Idealistic give greater importance to spiritual values in comparison with material attainments.

The second aim of education is to develop the child mentally, morally and above all spiritually. Development of Intelligences and Rationality:. This unity is God. Idealism and Curriculum. Idealists give more importance to thoughts, feelings ideals and values than to the child and his activities. They firmly hold that curriculum should be concerned with the whole humanity and its experience.

Views of Plato about curriculum. According to Plato the aim of life is to realize God. Three types of activities namely intellectual, aesthetic and moral cancan attain these high ideals. Views of Herbart Curriculum. According to Herbart the idealistic aim of education is the promotion of moral values.

He gave prime importance to subjects like Literature, History, Art, Music, and Poetry together with other humanities and secondary place to scientific subjects.After reading the references in idealism it gives me a vast picture how Idealism contributed the world today in terms of fundamental concept and principles, laws, religion, education, culture and way of life.

philosophy of education idealism realism pragmatism design plan

Like most idealists embrace that material world is characterized by change, instability and uncertainty therefore believed that ideas are the only reality, it is also influenced my personal, education and how I lived my life. I gain understanding about the world, doctrines of religion, government and education.

Searching for general truth in all aspect of life has been my concern as I grow older because like Plato I also believe that truth is perfect and everlasting.

For me, no matter how the world may change I always believe that truth prevails. Dialectic has been a part of my life since I started to how to reason out, discern and to justify what I believe is true whether it is just from a simple argument of which comes first the egg or the chicken up to the school debate in High School. With this idealism, helped me investigate the cause and effects of certain idea, chance to examine the pros and cons, hear the other side of the story and gives me better knowledge in finding the truth.

I also want to be a channel of blessing to others in any possible way.

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Reading the scripture is knowing about the ultimate source of life and the fruition. We are now adapting of other foreign countries ideals and system of Education. The adaption of adding 2 year to our curricula before going to college. Teachers now using holistic educational approaches, techniques for learning intervention, assessments to improved educational system and character development.

As we have seen all schools now, included art and literature as part of the curriculum, we have now set of courses to take where we can and become excellent in our chosen field of expertise. You nailed it when you said ignorance is what gives us the fear of the unknown. Almost all, if not all, of us have had this at least once in our lives. We are terrified of change and we stay in the quiet comfort of the status quo.

Guess what? People who actively seek out knowledge and understanding of the world achieve success, and those who do not are left in their shadows. We may not agree with the philosophy in its entirety but idealism provides us with this tool for self-discovery. You are commenting using your WordPress. You are commenting using your Google account.

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Bookmark the permalink. October 6, at pm.Always keep your smile. That's how I explain my long life. See the link below for more info. I love scanning your blog and your dish was very impressive I hope that you will continue to inspire people and always be happy of what your doing. Have a great day. Visit my site too.

Complete western philosophy :Idealism,Realism,Naturalism,Pragmatism,Existentialism,Marxism

Thank you. I learned from this and get informations from your very nice blog. There's noticeably a bundle to find out about this. I assume you made sure good points in features also. Do you know your hidden name meaning? Click here to find your hidden name meaning. In class we have been discussing the types of teaching philosophies we can integrate into our own teaching philosophies. The philosophies that we discussed so far are: Idealism, Realism, Pragmatism, Existentialism, and Postmodernism.

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These philosophies coincide with its own unique concepts, in which describes the approach that a teacher can take in imparting knowledge upon students. As a teaching major it is important that I determine which teaching philosophy to follow, so I am going to Explain each of the for mentioned philosophies and describe them and explain why or why not I am going to follow it.

After reviewing these teaching philosophies the three that I found the most appealing is: Idealism, Existentialism, and Pragmatism. I find the combination of the three very complementary. I will explain first the reasons why I did not pick Realism and Postmodernism before I explain the reason I chose my combination philosophy. While I wanted to also include Realism into my philosophy combination, I found it difficult to explain why it should be there so, I chose not to include.

The reason behind not including realism is because while I do agree with elements of the philosophy and have seen a few teachers attempt to follow this philosophy I have never seen it executed in a successful way. I believe the reason behind realism not being executed successfully is because of its direct teaching method. I believe the direct teaching method is uninventive especially because teacher teaching the subject matter are experts in their field.For the realist, the world is as it is, and the job of schools would Thus, the realism has brought great effect in various fields of education.

The aims, the curriculum, the methods of teaching the outlook towards the child, the teachers, the discipline and the system of education all were given new blood. Realism in education dragged the education from the old traditions, idealism and the high and low tides to the real surface. According to it, things are essentially what they seem to be ,and, furthermore, in our knowledge they are just the same as they were before entering our consciousness, remaining unchanged by our experiencing them.

Matter is the substance that all things have in common. John Amos Comenius emphasizes the primary importance of the gathering of knowledge or sense data. Comenius felt that the human mind, like a mirror, reflected everything around it. The implication of this are spelled out in his concept of the tabula rasa or the mind as a blank sheet on which the outside world must leave its impressions. All ideas, according to Locke, must come from either sensation or reflection.

New Realists, particularly the American school, rejected this notion, giving mind no special status and viewing it as part of nature. For them things could pass in and out of knowledge and would in no way be altered by the process. Existence, they argued, is not dependent upon experience or perception, thus mind ceases to be the central pivot of the universe. Herbart the new rationalist, argued that all subjects are related and that Knowledge of one helps strengthen knowledge of the others.

The relationships between new ideas and old ideas occurred in what Herbart called the apperceptive mass. Within the mind, new apperceptions or presentations united with older apperceptions and struggled to rise from the unconscious level of mind to the conscious.

Realism is interested in objects and facts. In general, realists believe in the independent existence of the experiential universe. If objects exist independent of any knowledge about them, it is obvious that we have an irreconcilable dispute between the realists and the idealists. Where an idealist would say that a tree in the middle of the desert exists only if it is in some mind, or if there is knowledge of it; the realist would hold that whether or not anyone or anything is thinking about the tree, it nonetheless exists.

The realist has revolted against the doctrine that things that are in the experiential universe are dependent upon a knower for their existence. There is great variety in the metaphysical beliefs of realists. There is so much variety, in fact, that realists could never be grouped together if they did not have certain common ground.

philosophy of education idealism realism pragmatism design plan

They believe that the universe is composed of matter in motion. The vast cosmos rolls on despite man. It is ordered by natural laws which control the relationships himself with it or not. It is not unlike a giant machine in which man is both participant and spectator.Understanding philosophy is important for educators not only so that they possess an individual philosophy but gain more awareness to the philosophies of their students and administrators.

In this series on the four main schools of philosophies idealism, realism, postmodernism, and pragmatism will be reviewed to assist with understanding the elements of philosophy. This article focuses on realism. Realism is the notion that the world exists in terms of matter, separate from the world of ideas and independent of it.

Aristotle BC— BCthe father of realism, was a student of Plato, and adapted his philosophies from that of his teacher.

philosophy of education idealism realism pragmatism design plan

Much like idealism, there are three branches of realism: classical, religious, and modern. The ideas proposed by Aristotle can be classified as classical realism.

Classical realism suggests that matter is real and that it is separate from our perceptions. You may not see it, hear it, or feel it, but it nevertheless exists.

Education cultivates the capacity to reason, which allows for proper choices. Aristotle asserted that ideas can exist without matter, but matter cannot exist without ideas. If one understands the matter, then one will be led to understanding the idea. The idea makes it clear that the underlying question of classical realism is purpose. Aristotle also theorized the idea of free will.

He realized that some people choose not to reason but encouraged humanity to seek the Golden Mean by acquiring knowledge. He warned that failure to think might result in extremes of excess or extremes of restraint.

Religious realism in Christianity was founded by St.

REALISM -as a Philosophy of Education

Thomas Aquinas — Aquinas presumed that God is pure reasoning, which is the truth of all things. He believed the sole purpose of existence is to reunite the soul with God. Modern realism was fashioned by the philosophers Francis Bacon — and John Locke — Locke conjectured that everything we know comes from experience and from reflecting on that experience.


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